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List of Notation and Glosses

Denis Paperno
p. 125-126

Texte intégral

́

high tone

̀

low tone

̄

mid tone

̂

falling (high to low) tone

̌

rising (low to high) tone

̈

mid-high rising tone

̚

mid-low falling tone

!

downstep of the following tone

(Х)

Х is optional

*(Х)

Х is obligatory

X//Y

X and Y are free variants

+

affirmative polarity series

-

negative polarity series

1

1st person

2

2nd person

3

3rd person or portemanteau series contracted with a 3sg non-subject pronoun

Ag

agent nominalization

APUD

localization APUD ‘around’

ATR

attributive marker

Benef

benefactive postposition

Bsq

base form of the verb (often omitted from the gloss)

L

low tone form of the verb

Cnd

conditional series

Cns

syntactic marker of a construction

CONT

localization CONT ‘in contact with’

Cop

copula verb

Def

definite article

Distr

distributive interpretation

DT

temporal shift

Emph

emphatic particle

Ex

existential series

Foc

focus pronoun series or focus construction marker

Hab

habitual series

IN

localization IN ‘in’

Iter

iterativity

Men

means nominalization

Neg

negation

NGO

cancelled result or irreal conditional marker

Nmlz

(event) nominalization

P

postposition

Pos

substantivized possessive series, also used as a contrastive topic marker

POST

localization POST ‘behind’

POSS

localization POSS ‘in the possession’

Pst

preterite series

Prf

perfect verb aspect

pl

plural

Plc

locative nominalization

Prog

progressive form

Res

resultative/stative form

Rfl

reflexive series

sg

singular

St

stative series

SUB

localization SUB ‘under’

SUPER

localization SUPER ‘on, over’

Top

topic marker

V

verb stem or verb within an idiomatic expression

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Référence papier

Denis Paperno, « List of Notation and Glosses », Mandenkan, 51 | 2014, 125-126.

Référence électronique

Denis Paperno, « List of Notation and Glosses », Mandenkan [En ligne], 51 | 2014, mis en ligne le 01 juin 2014, consulté le 19 septembre 2017. URL : http://mandenkan.revues.org/548

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Auteur

Denis Paperno

University of Trento, Italy
denis.paperno@gmail.com

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Licence Creative Commons
Les contenus de Mandenkan sont mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Partage dans les Mêmes Conditions 4.0 International.

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